Outbound investment by Chinese corporates is likely to rise over the long term, with the authorities likely to be supportive of overseas acquisitions that allow corporates to acquire advanced technology and strategic assets, create job opportunities, and that further the country’s Belt and Road Initiative, says Fitch Ratings.
The outbound M&A activity of Chinese corporates fell by 42% yoy in the first nine months of 2017 to USD96 billion, owing to a tightening of the approval process for overseas acquisitions as part of the government’s efforts to curb capital outflows since end-2016. Acquisitions by highly leveraged conglomerates in the property, hospitality, sports and entertainment sectors have faced particularly intense scrutiny, as reflected by a fall of almost 70% in property and entertainment overseas M&A.
China’s regulation of some types of foreign acquisitions is likely to remain relatively tight in 2018. Meanwhile, a tougher stance from overseas regulators and regulatory uncertainty in the US could heighten deal execution risk for Chinese corporates. However, these challenges will not derail the globalisation strategies of most Chinese corporates, which are still generally at an early stage.
Chinese regulators are likely to continue to provide a supportive political and financing environment for acquisitions that are aligned with China’s “Go Global” strategy and “Made in China 2025” plan. Acquisition of high-quality overseas assets can be an effective way for Chinese companies to obtain technological know-how, develop a brand, and expand distribution networks beyond the domestic market. M&A can also help Chinese corporates to secure greater pricing power and penetrate high-end market segments.
The Belt and Road Initiative is also likely to remain an important driver of outbound investment. China’s M&A activities in countries covered by the initiative increased to USD33 billion in 7M17, exceeding USD31 billion in all of 2016, according to Reuters, which is in sharp contrast to the decline in total outbound M&A this year. M&A in these countries often benefit from favourable government policies, including simpler and quicker approvals from Chinese authorities, and supportive funding from state-owned banks and investment funds.
Chinese corporates’ shifting focus towards “new economy” sectors is likely to mean less outbound M&A in the energy and commodity industries, which traditionally dominated, and more in technology and consumption-driven sectors, such as TMT, healthcare, consumer goods and high-end manufacturing. It was notable that five out of China’s top 10 overseas acquisitions in 2016 were in the computer & software and manufacturing sectors, and none was in the mining sector. Private companies have overtaken state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in overseas M&A transaction value, while appetite is switching away from resource-rich markets such as Australia, Canada, South America and Africa, in favour of the US, Europe and developed Asian economies.
Fitch considers the impact on an acquirer’s financial and business profiles when assessing the rating implications of M&A. Large debt-funded acquisitions typically increase the acquirer’s leverage and weaken its financial profile. Operational synergies can enhance an acquirer’s business profile, but are often hard to achieve in the short term, as shown by the high percentage of post-integration failures and challenges in Chinese outbound M&A. Some SOEs’ major strategic acquisitions can strengthen their linkages with the state, with positive rating implications.
Source: Fitch Ratings